The Tax Puzzle: Uncovering Low Tax Bills in the US

Terry Selb

June 22, 2023

The Tax Puzzle: Uncovering Low Tax Bills in the US

The US tax landscape is a labyrinthine puzzle, with varying tax obligations among different entities. Within this intricate system, certain entities have managed to navigate the complexities and emerge with surprisingly low tax bills. In this article, we embark on an enlightening journey to unravel the entities that have successfully minimized their tax liabilities, shedding light on the strategies and factors behind their advantageous positions.

Small Businesses and Tax Deductions

Small businesses can take advantage of a myriad of tax deductions. These deductions include business expenses, depreciation, and healthcare costs. By leveraging these deductions, small businesses can significantly reduce their taxable income and ultimately lower their tax obligations, allowing them to reinvest in their growth and expansion.

High-earning Professionals and Tax Shelters

High-earning professionals, such as doctors, lawyers, and consultants, have access to specialized tax shelters that enable them to reduce their tax liabilities. These shelters, including retirement accounts, health savings accounts, and individual retirement accounts (IRAs), provide tax-free growth or deferred taxation opportunities, effectively lowering their current tax burdens while optimizing their long-term financial strategies.

Energy Companies and Tax Incentives

The energy sector benefits from various tax incentives to promote renewable energy and reduce the nation’s carbon footprint. Energy companies involved in wind, solar, and other renewable energy projects can qualify for tax credits, grants, and accelerated depreciation, significantly lowering their tax liabilities. These incentives aim to encourage investment in clean energy infrastructure while providing financial incentives for companies to adopt sustainable practices.

Real Estate Investors and Like-Kind Exchanges

Real estate investors can utilize a tax strategy known as a like-kind exchange, or 1031 exchange, to defer paying capital gains taxes on selling one property by reinvesting the proceeds into another similar property. This allows investors to defer their tax liabilities indefinitely, leveraging their profits to expand their real estate portfolios while minimizing immediate tax obligations.


The US tax landscape is complex and multifaceted, leading to a diverse range of entities with surprisingly low tax bills. Small businesses utilizing deductions, high-earning professionals leveraging tax shelters, energy companies capitalizing on tax incentives, and real estate investors employing like-kind exchanges are among the entities successfully reducing their tax liabilities. As policymakers and tax experts grapple with tax reform, balancing encouraging economic growth and ensuring a fair distribution of tax burdens remains a pressing challenge in pursuing a more equitable tax system.